Обмануть водопроводчика. Чем опасны жучки на приборах учёта воды и тока?

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Еженедельник «Аргументы и Факты» № 12 22/03/2017

Солнцевская прокуратура через суд добилась запрета на рекламу жучков, используемых для обмана квартирных счётчиков.

Обмануть водопроводчика. Чем опасны жучки на приборах учёта воды и тока?

Киношный Афоня задорого продал прокладку жильцу, который не хотел сидеть без воды. Нынешние жильцы мечтают о другом — чтобы и вода лилась, и платить за неё не надо было. © /

Кадр из фильма

Речь идёт только о трёх интернет-сайтах, где продавали неодимовые магниты (это сплав металлов — неодима, бора и железа) в противозаконных целях. А продавцов «блокираторов» сот­ни. Что грозит покупателям этих приборов, которые решат так сэкономить на коммунальных платежах?   

Неодимовое чудо

Для начала разберёмся, не являются ли современные жучки просто фальшивкой. Часть товаров, безусловно, пустышки — мошенники продают их после полной пред­оплаты. Новоиспечённые Кулибины предлагают приобрести за 500-4000 руб. «инструкцию по сборке жучка из подручных средств», «трансформатор», «дистанционный пульт». Не ловитесь на постановочные ролики, демонстрирующие остановку индивидуального прибора учёта (ИПУ) при поднесении к нему чудо-техники, не стоит хвататься и за пылесос. Да-да, в Интернете полно видеоинструкций на тему его нетривиального использования: мол, открутите на водном счётчике пару гаек, примотайте к дырке пылесос, и — о чудо! — цифры с бешеной скоростью побегут обратно. Таким образом вы, может быть, и открутите показания назад, но сломаете прибор учёта, и тогда вам придётся  приобретать новый агрегат и оплачивать его установку. 

Но при желании можно отыскать технику, которая действительно сводит с ума квартирные счётчики. Бешеной популярностью пользуются неодимовые магниты. Спектр их легального применения чрезвычайно широк — от медицины до нефтепромышленности. Но в розницу их покупают не для починки аппарата МРТ, а чтобы прилепить к прибору учёта воды. 

Для электросчётчиков продаются и магниты, и другие всевозможные «глушилки». Но что вы будете с ними делать? В большинстве зданий щитки расположены в общих коридорах и устроены так, что показания электроэнергии снять — это всегда пожалуйста, а вот открыть дверцу, чтобы усовершенствовать прибор учёта, невозможно. 

Обманул. А кого?

В большинстве приборов стоят электронные пломбы и антимагнитные наклейки (защита от жучков — обязательное требование Росстандарта). Как только сработает эта «сигнализация», вам придётся менять ИПУ на новый. Но даже если у вас всё получилось и жучок работает «как надо», запомните: любое вмешательство в работу счётчиков противозаконно. Ведь вы фальсифицируете показания и не платите за коммунальный ресурс, который потребляете.

Сэкономили немножко (до 3 тыс. руб.)? Ваше мелкое хищение подпадает под ст. 7.27 Административного кодекса РФ. Получите штраф (до пяти­кратной стоимости похищенного имущества) либо арест от 10 до 15 суток. Сумели «накрутить» большую сумму? Это уже крупное хищение и ст. 165 Уголовного кодекса со штрафом до 300 тыс. руб. (как альтернатива — лишение свободы до 2 лет). 

Обмануть водопроводчика. Чем опасны жучки на приборах учёта воды и тока?
10 простых способов экономить электроэнергию. Инфографика

Подробнее

Хотя с неотвратимостью наказания пока плоховато. Дело заведут, если эконома поймают с поличным. Такое бывает, когда жилец ставит жучки на счётчики и не сообщает об этом остальным более совестливым домочадцам. Они впускают представителей управляющей компании для проверки показаний и только тут узнают, почему им так дёшево обходилась вода или ток. «По закону управляющая организация должна предупредить собственников об обходе, поэтому фактора внезапности нет, — Обмануть водопроводчика. Чем опасны жучки на приборах учёта воды и тока?
рассказал «АиФ» Константин ­Крохин, председатель правления Союза жилищных организаций. — Если к появлению проверяющих жилец снимет жучок с прибора и ИПУ будет выглядеть неповреждённым, предъявить потребителю ничего не удастся. Даже если сделать анализ (сколько воды тратят в такой же квартире сверху) и если после сложения всех показаний остаются «ничьи» кубометры, владелец подозрительной квартиры всегда может сказать: «Я редко моюсь». Кстати, за таких умников платят все соседи сообща (эти расходы включаются в обще­домовые расходы). Я думаю, что правоохранительным органам нужно бороться в первую очередь с продавцами жучков. Если не будет предложения, не будет и спроса».

И напоследок важная информация к размышлению: жучки для электросчётчиков легко могут стать причиной пожара.    

Источник: aif.ru

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